The young Rhineland
In 1918 the poet Herbert Eulenberg and the painters Arthur Kaufmann and Adolf Uzarski sent out an appeal to a select group of artists, including Champion, Enseling, Ernst, de Haer, Janssen, Lahs, Leman, May, Nauen, Ophey, Schwarzkopf, Sohn-Rethel and from Wätjen. A new association should represent the common interests of the young Rhenish artists without bias and organize exhibitions. The result was the founding of the modern artists’ association Das Junge Rheinland (1919). After initial success, the inflation year 1923 led to a crisis. Adler, Breker, Champion, Dix, Kamps, Kaufmann, May, Ophey, Rübsam, Sopher, Uzarski, von Wätjen and others resigned and founded the Rhine group. In 1928, Das Junge Rheinland, the Rheingruppe and a number of freelance artists joined forces to form the Rhenish Secession. In 1930 the Rhine group left the umbrella organization after violent internal disputes. The Young Rhineland and the Rhine group went out in 1933. The Rhenish secession was dissolved in 1938 by decree.