Anton Räderscheidt

Heinrich Maria Davringhauen

The painter of the New Objectivity

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Portrait Heinrich M. Davringhausen, 1925
Oil on Wood

Anton Räderscheidt, Whereabouts Unknown

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen spent his youth in Aachen and studied sculpture at the Düsseldorf Art Academy in 1913-14, where he met Carlo Mense. Rhenish Expressionism, which is based on Fauvism, Cubism and Futurism, influences his works in terms of color and composition. The painter then went on many trips and met Georg Schrimpf in the Monte Verità artists’ colony near Ascona. Subsequently, several portraits emerge in a realistically exaggerated manner, which Heinrich Maria Davringhausen shows in front of a colorful futuristic background. The loss of an eye he suffered as a child saved him from military service when the First World War broke out. The artist returned to Germany, moved to Munich in 1918 and joined the Düsseldorf artist group “Das Junge Rheinland” the following year. Influenced by the Cologne “Progressives”, he now mainly paints abstract, colored surface pictures, some of which Davringhausen conceives in series. Between 1924 and 1925 the artist lived in Toledo, Spain, in 1928 he chose Cologne as his place of residence, where Davringhausen and Anton Räderscheidt founded “Gruppe 32”. After marrying the Jewish factory owner’s daughter Lore Auerbach, the couple emigrated to Cala Ratjada on Mallorca in 1933. The outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 prompted the artist to flee hastily via Marseille and Paris to Ascona. In 1937 his works are shown in the exhibition “Degenerate Art”. Two years later Heinrich Maria Davringhausen was expelled from Switzerland and went with his family to Haut-de-Cagnes near Nice. After successfully escaping from Les Milles, where he was interned between 1939-1940, the artist hid in the Auvergne with his wife and did not return to Haut-de-Cagnes until the end of the war. Most of Heinrich Maria Davringhausen’s work is lost due to the Nazi ostracism, flight and war. In the years that followed, the artist exhibited his “New Objectivity” works in various international galleries. At the end of the 1950s, art history began to work on this style, so that Davringhausen’s early works were presented in numerous exhibitions and publications on “New Objectivity”. His extensive late work is mainly geometrically abstract, but the artist did not achieve any major success. Heinrich Maria Davringhausen died on December 13, 1970 in Nice.

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen von Carlo Mense

Portrait Heinrich M. Davringhausen, 1922

Carlo Mense

Der Schwarzmarkt Händler

Der Schieber (The slider), 1920

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Der General Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Der General (The general), 1917

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Les Milles

Les Milles (Miles), 1940

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Der Lustmörder von Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Der Lustmörder (The lust killer), 1917

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen


Like Räderscheidt, Davringhausen moved into a studio built by Riphahn in Bickendorf, Wacholderweg 4

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen im Atelier

1928 in his Cologne studio on the easel „Landschaft mit Luftballon“ (Landscape with hot air balloon)

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen und Familie

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen 1933 in Cala Ratjada mit Lore und der gemeinsamen Tochter Brigitte, sowie Lores Tochter aus erster Ehe Brigitte Simon

Der Akrobat von Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Der Akrobat (The acrobat), 1920

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Der Träumer

Der Träumer (The dreamer), 1919

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Dirne Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Dirne (Prostitute), 1921

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen Akt

Nude 1933/1936

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Vladimir Rosenbaum und Aline Valangin

Wladimir Rosenbaum-Ducommun, born in Lithuania in 1894, died on September 24, 1984 in Ascona.

As a child, Rosenbaum was brought to Switzerland for fear of the pogroms against the Jews. He visits the schools in Glarisegg with the writer Friedrich Glauser. After studying law, he settled in Zurich as a lawyer. He caused a stir with his success in the sensational Riedel Guala poisoning trial. Together with his wife, the writer Aline Valangin, the anti-fascist Rosenbaum granted a.o. Ernst Toller and Wladimir Vogel Obdach in his apartment in the cotton yard, Stadelhoferstrasse 26, where Robert Musil and Ignazio Silone also go in and out. As a lawyer, he is committed to helping the emigrants. After the outbreak of the Spanish civil war, Davringhausen had to leave Mallorca and flee to Ascona, Switzerland. There he painted Wladimir Rosenbaum, who was already known through earlier friendship, who was politically active and also operated on the verge of legality; he loses his bar license in connection with a transaction in the Spanish Civil War. He then left Zurich and built up a second existence as an antiquarian and art dealer in the Casa Serodine in Ascona. He spends the rest of his life secluded in Ticino.

Portrait WIadimir Rosenbaum-Ducommun von Heinrich Maria Davringhausen
Mondbild Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Mondbild (Moon picture), 1959

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen and Michel Seuphor, 1949 in Paris

Schiefertafel geritzt 1944

Slate scratched, 1944

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen in 1966 in Cagnes sur Mer with Gisèle Räderscheidt and their sons Etienne Boucherie and Pascal Räderscheidt

Les Deux Iles

Heinrich Maria Davringhausen and Lore in the Les Deux Iles gallery in Paris in 1950

Heinrich Maria and Lore Davringhausen in Haut de Cagnes, 1949